A pediatric urologist diagnoses and treats pathologies of the genitourinary system in children and adolescents (girls and boys).
The most common urological pathologies in children are:
- anomalies in the development of the genitourinary system;
- cystitis (inflammation of the bladder);
- pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidney);
- hydronephrosis (accumulation of urine in the kidney due to outflow disorder);
- enuresis (urinary incontinence, usually nocturnal);
- uric acid diathesis (sabulous urine);
- diverticulum of the bladder or other organs;
- synechia (fusion of the foreskin with the glans penis in boys);
- balanoposthitis (inflammation of the head and foreskin of the penis);
- urethritis (inflammation of the urinary canal);
- orchiepididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis);
- testicular torsion;
- phimosis (inability to retract the foreskin);
- varicocele (dilated veins of the spermatic cord), etc.
Symptoms of urinary tract pathologies may include:
- dysuria: too frequent or too rare, painful urination;
- anxiety of the child, fever, nausea, decreased appetite.
If such symptoms appear, please see a doctor. Urological diseases can be also treated by physicians of related specialties –– pediatric surgeon, nephrologist, gynecologist.
To diagnose the pathology the urologist:
- interviews the child and the parents about the complains, dynamics of the disease development, previous illnesses, the course of pregnancy and delivery in the mother, allergic reactions, family anamnesis;
- examines the child, including examination of the genital organs;
- prescribes laboratory tests if necessary (blood count, clinical urine test, bacteriological test of urine and urethra discharges, etc.);
- assigns instrumental examinations (ultrasound, MRT, CT, radioisotope diagnostics).