Immunizations for children and adults at Ameda clinic
Throughout the 20th century the average life expectancy doubled. This was the result of scientific progress and changes in state policies around the world. The first milestone was the discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming as it marked the beginning of a successful fight against bacterial infections. The next significant step was universal vaccination in developed and developing countries.
The basic principle behind immunization is building resistance to the disease by introducing an antigen. The material used for vaccines can be different, namely:
- Weakened strains of viruses or bacteria;
- Killed (inactivated) viruses or bacteria;
- Purified particles of microorganisms;
- Synthetic materials.
Some mothers report the absence of vaccinations with no consequences. This only confirms the effectiveness of mass vaccination. The development of herd immunity can stop the spread of diseases, thus preventing epidemics.
MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccination
In our clinic for vaccination against measles, mumps, and rubella, we use Priorix vaccine (Belgium). According to the dosing schedule, it must be first given to children at the age of 1, and the second time –– at the age of 6.
Hib vaccination, given to babies at 2, 4 and 12 months, is recommended to prevent the emergence of severe forms of pneumonia and meningitis. Our doctors use highly effective Hiberix vaccine (Belgium) for this purpose.
Various diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, including pneumonia, account for frequent deaths of children under the age of 2. Vaccination, however, can prevent tragic consequences. Synflorix, the most widely used vaccine against these bacteria, is used at our clinic, too.
Vaccination against flu is the most demanded in the world. The seasonal nature of the disease requires annual prevention, and children are not an exception here. Vaccination of adults, particularly seniors, is also highly recommended. In our clinic we use such modern vaccines as GC FLU (South Korea) and Vaxigrip (France).
Typhoid fever vaccination
Typhoid fever had killed many thousands of people in Europe before the vaccine was developed. Although vaccination against this disease is not mandatory, it’s highly recommended for those travelling to areas where the risk of getting typhoid infection is high. If you are planning a trip to one of those countries, you are welcome to take the typhoid vaccine at our clinic (we use Typhim Vi).
To protect our patients against infections of the gastrointestinal tract, our doctors prescribe the Rotarix vaccine. Please keep in mind that rotavirus is one of the leading causes of children’s hospitalizations.
DTP (diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis) vaccination
For prevention of pertussis, tetanus and diphtheria we use such vaccines as Hexaxim, Infanrix Hexa and Boostrix, depending on the patient’s age. Recommended times and frequency of injections are indicated in the vaccination schedule.
During the first 18 months of life the child should get 4 polio vaccinations: the first two at 2 and 4 months with inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), and then at 6 and 18 months with oral polio vaccine (OPV). The further scheduled vaccinations are at 6 and 14 years. IPV is given by intramuscular injection; the attenuated (weakened) poliovirus strains are administered through oral drops.
Hepatitis B vaccination
This is the child’s first vaccination, and it’s injected in a thigh muscle within the first 24 hours of life. According to the vaccination schedule, the next ones should be given at 1 and 6 months. This vaccine protects even against intrauterine mother-to-child disease transmission. In our clinic, for Hepatitis B prevention we use Engerix vaccine (Belgium).
Unfortunately, in the modern world TB bacteria can be encountered not only in prisons, but also in public places. Decreased immunity can lead to sad consequences. Therefore, BCG is listed on the vaccination schedule, and is given between the 3rd and 5th days of life. In case of such contraindications as prematurity, intrauterine infections, etc., a child can receive the reduced antigen content (BCG-M) vaccine to prevent tuberculosis.
Different types of vaccines have their own specific contraindications for administration. Severe allergic reactions to the vaccine components in medical history or current illness accompanied by fever can serve as reasons for delay. Every single case needs a pedicatric consultation, which you can get from our doctor.
After the vaccination
The patients should be monitored after the vaccination. Please immediately see the doctor in case of one of the below symptoms or their combination:
- Fever above 39 °C
- Refusal to eat